Ek Balam is a Yucatec Maya name that translates to "the black jaguar" or "bright star jaguar." Located near the colonial city of Valladolid in Yucatan, Mexico, Ek Balam's most important cultural period was during the Late Classic Period 700 - 1000 A.D It wasn't until the late 1980's when the site was mapped, and research continued into the 1990's. This is a mesmerizing ruins site if you are looking for something a bit off the beaten path.
Ek Balam was in operation for over 1000 years. Construction started in the late Pre-Classic Period (100 B.C. to 300 A.D.) and continued well into Late Classic Period, 700 to 900 A.D. Speculation suggestions that the city may even have been inhabited as late as the Spanish invasion in the 16th Century.
The enormous dimensions of the buildings, highly decorated facades, and constructed walls surrounding the centre of this Mayan city are what defines this ruin. The most important structures are found within the Central and South Plazas, walled enclosures that are less than one square kilometer but the site itself is quite large. Five entrances and five sac bes (roads) lead into the Central Plaza through the defense walls and match the direction of the four cardinal points. The brilliance of the Maya shines through on this site.
It is the architecture and design of El Torre, The Tower, one of the largest Mayan structures in the Yucatan, that amazed archaeologists. The Tower measures over 500ft/151m long, 200ft/60m wide and reaches 100ft/30m high and is home to some of the most decorate and intricate design motifs found in the Yucatan.
A note about construction at Ek Balam: The decoration of Ek Balam’s building facades were not carved stone, like those found in Uxmal and Chichen Itza. Builders and artists used stucco and limestone mortar, a pliable material that could be modeled into distinct forms and painted over. The only decorative carved stone elements are the small hoops found in the corner of the buildings.
The most impressive and noticeable structure in Ek Balam is El Torre, the main tower located in the Central Plaza. Measuring at 500ft/151m long, 200ft/60m wide and 100/30 meters high.
The significant construction difference at Ek Balam is the use of multiple layers and decorated facades found on El Torre. The facades are protected by palapa roofs and conserve some of the greatest Mayan artistry found at Ek Balam.
The Tower houses the tomb of Ek Balam’s powerful ruler Ukil-Kan-Lek-Tok the highest official during the city’s peak in 800 A.D. There are full figure statues decorating the tomb that exhibit great detail. Hair braids, loin cloth patterns, and skulls carved into the belts of warriors can be seen on the statues that protect the Tomb. In some places you can view wall paintings and murals that remain.
To the West of the South Plaza is Structure 17, what we call “the twins”. This building represents well conserved architectural designs. The large foundation is 40 meters in length, 17 meters wide and 6 meters high and holds two buildings.
Structure 10 is a larger Mayan Structure, measuring 43 meters in length, 30 meters wide and 5 meters high. It is often associated with and compared to the “miniature temples” located in the east coast of Quintana Roo. Although the base corresponds to the Late Classic (700 – 1000 A.D.), the upper structures were not built until the Post Classic Period.
Archeologists are stumped by the height of the city walls located around the Central Plaza and throughout the South Plaza. These walls are not high enough to provide protection or be used for defense purposes. It is thought that the walls were built for ceremonial activities but exactly what ceremonies are undetermined. Another ceremonial feature, which is common in most Mayan settlements, is the ball court, where the important Mayan ball game was held.
The intricate artistic detail and symbolism incorporated into the facades and sculptures decorating El Torre leave us in awe every time we visit. Ek Balam is an easy day trip from the Riviera Maya and can be combined with other activities. You can head to Valladolid after your visit, a beautiful colonial city just 20 minutes from this Mayan ruin, or head north to the Gulf of Mexico and check out Rio Lagartos. Whichever plan you choose, make sure you stop at the small pueblo of Temonzon, home of the best smoked meat in the area. The short ribs are like nothing you have ever tasted. The owners are happy to have you step into the back court yard and see how they smoke their meats, but the recipe is never shared!
Ek Balam archaeological zone is roughly a 2 hour drive from the Riviera Maya and 40 kilometers north of Valladolid on the road to Tizamin and Rio Lagartos. If you are in a hurry take the toll road from Cancun and exit at Valladolid. Our favorite route is through Tulum, along the Coba Road and then on to Valladolid. Follow the signs to Rio Lagartos once you arrive close to Valladolid.
The site is open from 8 AM to 5 PM and is becoming more popular with local tour groups. Ticketing is similar to Uxmal where you pay a split fee, one for the site and one for the Yucatan state government. You will need both tickets to enter the grounds.